為什么有時候總感覺有人在盯著你看?(雙語)

(2017-05-28 15:35:25)

標簽:生活

直覺

暗中觀察

分類:輕松英語

Something makes you turn and see someone watching you. Perhaps on abusy train, or at night, or when you"re strolling through thepark.

也許是在擁擠的火車上,或是在公園漫步的某個晚上,你會時不時回頭看看,因為總感覺有人在看著你。

How did you know you were being watched? It can feel like anintuition which is separate from your senses, but really itdemonstrates that your senses – particularlyvision – can work in mysterious ways.

你怎么知道有人在看你?這種感覺更像是獨立于感官意識的一種直覺,但是它確實也證實了你的感官,尤其是視覺能以一種神奇的方式運作。

Intuitively, many of us might imagine that when you look atsomething with your eyes, signals travel to your visual cortex andthen you have the conscious experience of seeing it, but thereality is far weirder.

直觀上來說,許多人可能會想象當你看見某件東西時,視覺信號會傳遞到視覺皮層,然后你就能視物,然而實際遠不止此。

Once information leaves our eyes it travels to at least 10 distinctbrain areas, each with their own specialised functions.

一旦信息離開我們的眼睛,它就會被傳送到至少10個不同功能的腦區。

Many of us have heard of the visual cortex, a large region at theback of the brain which gets most attention fromneuroscientists.

許多人可能聽說過視皮層,它位于大腦后部,是神經科學家重點關注的區域。

The visual cortex supports our conscious vision, processing colourand fine detail to help produce the rich impression of the world weenjoy.

視覺皮質通過加工顏色和細節來幫助我們產生對這個世界的印象,從而使我們能夠視物。

But other parts of our brain are also processing different piecesof information, and these can be working away even when we don"t– or can"t – consciouslyperceive something.

然而大腦的其他區域也在處理著不同的片段信息,而且這種處理甚至能在我們沒有意識到的情況下進行。

The survivors of neural injury can cast some light on thesemechanisms. When an accident damages the visual cortex, your visionis affected. If you lose all of your visual cortex you will loseall conscious vision, becoming what neurologists call "corticallyblind".

神經受損的幸存者能闡明這些機體原理。當一起事故損害了你的視覺皮質,你的視力就會受影響。如果你失去了所有的視覺皮質,那么你就會失明,成為神經科學家所說的“皮質盲”。

But, unlike if you lose your eyes, cortically blind is only mostlyblind – the non-cortical visual areas can stilloperate.

但是,這跟你失去眼睛不一樣,皮質盲會導致跟皮質有關的視力受損,非皮質的視覺不會受影響。

Although you can"t have the subjective impression of seeinganything without a visual cortex, you can respond to thingscaptured by your eyes that are processed by these other brainareas.

雖然沒有視覺皮層,你不能產生視覺的主觀印象,但是你能對眼睛捕獲到的信息進行反應,因為它們是大腦的其他區域處理的。

One study showed that we can detect that people are looking at uswithin our field of view – perhaps in the cornerof our eye – even if we haven"t consciouslynoticed. It shows the brain basis for that subtle feeling thattells us we are being watched.

一項研究表明,即使我們沒有意識到,我們視線所及的東西還是能被看到。這表明了大腦產生的這種微妙感覺告訴了我們正在被注視。

So when you"re walking that dark road and turn and notice someonestanding there, or look up on the train to see someone staring atyou, it may be your nonconscious visual system monitoring yourenvironment while you"re conscious attention was on somethingelse.

所以當你走夜路時回頭發現后面有人,或者在火車上注意到有人看你,這些無意識的視覺系統正在監測你周圍的環境,而你的注意力顯然在其他地方。

It may not be supernatural, but it certainly shows the brain worksin mysterious ways.

這并非是超自然現象,但是這表明了你的大腦的確在以一種神奇的方式運轉。

免責聲明:本文僅代表文章作者的個人觀點,與本站無關。其原創性、真實性以及文中陳述文字和內容未經本站證實,對本文以及其中全部或者部分內容文字的真實性、完整性和原創性本站不作任何保證或承諾,請讀者僅作參考,并自行核實相關內容。

http://www.eoauzbr.cn/style/images/nopic.gif
?
分享
評論
首頁
山东十一选五遗漏 sg飞艇开奖结果 台湾麻将16张小游戏 竞彩足球比分直播现场 旧版 海南4个号是啥彩票 av女优装 德国赛车pk拾是真有吗 波多野吉衣 年轻的护士 一分钟赛车怎么玩 AV号番 青海11选5台子 2016股票配资平台排名 江西十一选五一定牛 十一选五稳赚方法 极速11选5-官方版APP下载 小泽玛利亚无码 加勒比 sg飞艇在线计划更新